A Guide to Orthodontic Conditions and TMJ Disorder Solutions

Orthodontic issues extend beyond the pursuit of a perfect smile; they delve into the intricate mechanics of the jaw and its joints. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD or TMJ Disorder) is one such challenge that can significantly impact oral health and overall well-being. This comprehensive guide will explore two realms of a single reality. First, we detail common orthodontic conditions that, in most cases, create an expectation about the functional and aesthetic results they provide. Secondly, we will delve into the nuances of TMJ disorder, its symptoms, and effective management solutions.

What Are the Common Orthodontic Conditions?

Crooked Teeth

Malocclusion, commonly known as crooked teeth, impacts aesthetics and poses substantial threats to oral health. The tight spaces between misaligned teeth make effective cleaning arduous, fostering the accumulation of plaque and bacteria. This, in turn, increases the risk of cavities and periodontal diseases. At Bigman Orthodontics, our adept orthodontists utilize advanced techniques, such as precision braces and clear aligners, to meticulously realign teeth, mitigating these risks and optimizing oral hygiene.


Overcrowding, a prevalent orthodontic challenge, results from insufficient space in the jaw for proper tooth alignment. This affects the smile’s symmetry and hampers effective oral hygiene. At Bigman Orthodontics, our personalized treatment plans often incorporate tooth extraction or palatal expansion procedures, strategically creating the necessary space and rectifying overcrowding precisely.


An overbite, where the upper front teeth excessively protrude over the lower front teeth, can lead to functional issues and aesthetic concerns. This misalignment often causes imbalances in jaw pressure, contributing to discomfort and potential TMJ disorders San Ramon. Through advanced orthodontic techniques such as bite correction appliances and braces, Dr. Bigman rectifies overbites, restoring harmony to the bite and averting associated complications.


Conversely, an underbite, characterized by the lower front teeth projecting beyond the upper front teeth, necessitates specialized intervention. This condition, if untreated, can result in speech difficulties, jaw pain, and compromised oral function. At Bigman Orthodontics, our targeted treatment plans encompass innovative appliances and braces designed to reposition the lower front teeth, restore a balanced bite, and mitigate associated challenges.


Crossbites, where teeth in the upper jaw sit inside the lower teeth during closure, demand precise correction to prevent complications like uneven wear and gum recession. Our orthodontic arsenal at Bigman Orthodontics includes state-of-the-art braces and clear aligners tailored to address crossbites effectively. By achieving harmonious alignment, we enhance aesthetics and bolster the stability of the bite.

Orthodontic Appliances

Functional Orthodontic Appliances

Functional orthodontic appliances are crucial in addressing tooth misalignment and jaw irregularities. San Ramon Palate expanders, for instance, actively widen the upper jaw, rectifying issues of overcrowding and crossbites. Mandibular advancement devices, on the other hand, are instrumental in correcting underbites by influencing jaw growth. At Bigman Orthodontics, we leverage these devices, particularly in growing children, to guide optimal jaw development and ensure lasting alignment.

Orthodontic Braces and Clear Aligners

San Ramon Orthodontic braces, a cornerstone of our treatment approach, utilize brackets and wires to exert controlled force on teeth, gradually guiding them into proper alignment. For those seeking discreet alternatives, clear aligners like Invisalign offer a nearly invisible solution. These custom-made trays facilitate precise tooth movement, providing flexibility and aesthetic appeal. At Bigman Orthodontics, our expert orthodontists tailor these treatments, factoring in individual needs and treatment goals for optimal outcomes.

Orthodontic issues extend beyond the pursuit of a perfect smile; they delve into the intricate mechanics of the jaw and its joints. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ) is one such challenge that can significantly impact oral health and overall well-being. This comprehensive guide will explore the nuances of TMJ disorder, its symptoms, and effective management solutions.

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Management and Solution For Its Relief

TMJ: How it Might Be Affecting You, And How to Find Relief

Understanding the multifaceted impact of TMD on daily life is crucial. Chronic pain in the jaw joint, recurring headaches, and audible clicking sounds during jaw movement are indicators of underlying joint dysfunction. Early identification prompts a proactive orthodontic consultation, allowing for a precise and effective approach to TMD management.

Symptoms of TMJ Disorder

Discerning the nuanced symptoms of TMD is essential for targeted intervention. Persistent jaw pain, often exacerbated by jaw movement, and headaches originating from the temporal region signal underlying joint issues. Additionally, the presence of clicking or popping sounds during jaw articulation indicates internal derangement. Recognizing these signs empowers individuals to seek orthodontic solutions that address the root causes of TMD.


While orthodontic intervention is integral, incorporating targeted exercises enhances TMD management. Jaw stretching exercises, encompassing controlled mouth opening and closing, promote flexibility and reduce muscle tension. Simultaneously, conscious jaw relaxation techniques, including tongue placement against the palate, alleviate strain on facial muscles.

8 Ways to Help Manage Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Jaw Stretching

Prescribed as part of orthodontic rehabilitation, jaw stretching exercises facilitate improved range of motion and contribute to enhanced muscle strength. Systematic repetition, guided by a specialist, is integral to achieving optimal jaw movement.

Jaw Relaxation

Conscious jaw relaxation involves deliberate tongue placement against the palate, minimizing muscle strain. As an orthodontic strategy, this technique aims to alleviate discomfort associated with TMD, fostering a state of muscular ease.

Chin Tucks

Orthodontic specialists recommend chin tucks to strengthen jaw-supporting muscles. Incorporating this exercise into daily routines while maintaining optimal posture promotes increased jaw stability and mitigates strain on the temporomandibular joint.

Resistance Exercises

Integral to orthodontic rehabilitation, resistance exercises utilize external force to strengthen jaw muscles. Orthodontists often prescribe specific maneuvers, such as applying resistance with the thumb against the chin during mouth opening, to enhance muscle tone and stability.


Orthodontic specialists may prescribe muscle relaxants or anti-inflammatory drugs in cases demanding pharmaceutical support. These medications target pain and inflammation associated with TMD, offering relief while complementing other orthodontic interventions.


Customized mouthguards, a cornerstone of orthodontic care, are a preventive measure against nocturnal teeth clenching and grinding. Wearing a professionally fitted mouthguard, especially during sleep, significantly reduces the impact on the temporomandibular joint and mitigates TMD symptoms.

Physical Therapy

Orthodontic physical therapy, conducted under professional guidance, involves targeted exercises to optimize jaw function and alleviate discomfort. A structured regimen tailored to individual needs is integral to comprehensive TMD management.

Botox Injections

Orthodontic specialists may advocate for Botox injections to relax hyperactive jaw muscles in specific cases. This intervention, administered by trained professionals, temporarily relieves TMD symptoms, particularly muscle-related pain and tension.

Other Treatment Options

Conservative Therapy

San Ramon Orthodontic care extends beyond exercises and medications to encompass conservative treatments. Avoiding hard and chewy foods, practicing stress management techniques, and maintaining proper posture are fundamental strategies advocated by orthodontic professionals to mitigate the impact of TMD.

Nonprescription Pain Relievers

Nonprescription pain relievers, recommended under orthodontic guidance, provide short-term relief from degenerative pain associated with TMD. Their judicious use forms part of a comprehensive approach to pain management.

Interventions for Pain

Orthodontic interventions for pain encompass various modalities. Low-level laser therapy, known for its anti-inflammatory effects, alleviates myofascial pain syndrome. Non-opiate therapies are explored, aligning with contemporary approaches to pain relief.

Physical Therapy Options

Orthodontic physical therapy options include stabilization splint therapy, an intervention involving the use of occlusal splints or oral appliances to stabilize the jaw joint. When combined with exercises, this modality contributes to enhanced muscle strength and jaw stability.

Surgical Options

In cases of persistent symptoms and joint degeneration, orthodontic specialists may explore surgical options. Guided by precise clinical findings, specialists consider joint replacement for severe cases, aiming to restore normal mandibular movement.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Integrated into orthodontic care, cognitive behavior therapy addresses anxiety symptoms associated with TMD. Managing clinical symptoms and improving the pain perspective are integral components of a holistic approach to TMD treatment.

Guidelines for Management

Orthodontic management of masseter muscle pain involves adherence to established guidelines. As such, specialists in charge of your care may require a prospective cohort study to assess clinical findings, including disk displacement and articular disk conditions, guiding treatment decisions.

Clinical Symptoms

Orthodontic evaluation of TMD involves a meticulous assessment of clinical symptoms. Symptoms such as limited mouth movement and mouth syndrome inform treatment planning for optimal outcomes.

A nuanced understanding of symptoms and effective interventions is crucial for dealing with orthodontic challenges, particularly TMD. At Bigman Orthodontics, we advocate for a proactive and comprehensive approach that addresses the intricacies of the jaw and temporomandibular joint, fostering enduring relief and optimal oral health.

Transform Your Smile: Schedule Your Appointment at Bigman Orthodontics

Ready for a confident, radiant smile? Schedule an appointment at Bigman Orthodontics today. Expert care for treating orthodontic conditions with personalized care and plans.